Optimal Context Size in Elementary Schools: Reduced class size was linked with increased academic engagement, student effort, initiative taking in the classroom and time on task.
One of the best and most readable summaries of the research, prepared by the Regional Educational Class size reduction essay for the Southeast, funded by the U. Yongyun Shin  found that for Black students, reduced class size in grades K-3 led to significantly higher academic achievement in reading, math, listening, and word recognition skills.
Among those students with the lowest predicted probability of attending college, a small class increased rate of college attendance by 11 percentage points. In small classes 15 or fewer studentswhen students spoke in response to instructor-posed questions, the average level of thinking displayed by their discourse was that of analysis; in medium-size classes students student discourse was characterized by a lower level of thinking—comprehension; and in large classes 46 or more studentsthe discourse of students who participated in class most often reflected factual recall.
Class size reduction identified as one of four K education reforms proven to increase learning. The empirical case against large class size: National Staff Development Council. Brookings Papers on Education Policy, pp. Shows how smaller classes in grades 4 and 8 are linked to higher test scores and improved student discipline.
A book reviewing evidence and perspectives on class size from around the world concludes that "Project STAR produced gains without any changes in the curriculum or any focused teacher training.
Schanzenbach  summarized the benefits of class size reduction and its efficacy in narrowing the achievement gap in a report for the National Education Policy Center NEPC. Initial Success for At-Risk Students.
Every classroom has a unique and specific context. Classroom engagement decreases in larger classes, and this is particularly marked for struggling students at the secondary level.
Tenth grade students who had been in small classes in K-3 were suspended on average 0. We believe that CSR will help to increase student achievement, especially for students who need it the most: Journal of Human Resources, Reducing class size is among an even smaller number of education reforms that have been shown to narrow the achievement gap.
Dynarski et al  investigated the effects of small class sizes on postsecondary attainment and degree completion and estimated that assignment to small classes increased the probability of attending college by 2.Class size and student achievement. Reducing class size to increase student achievement is an approach that has been tried, debated, and analyzed for several decades.
In contrast, Project STAR focused strictly on class size reduction, and did not provide special training or professional development to teachers or aides (Finn, ). Class-Size Reduction Essay Words | 5 Pages. More about Class Size Reduction Essays.
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In October, during the final U.S. presidential debate, the topic of class size came up within the context of global competitiveness.
Although the candidates were mainly arguing the benefits of small classes in K education. As an education reform, the broad goal of class size reduction (CSR) is to increase the number of individualized student-teacher interactions intended to improve student learning.
A reform long holding theoretical attraction to many constituencies. Class Size Reduction Research; Class Size Fact Sheets; State & district class size laws and policies; Reports etc.
Class Size Reduction Research. A somewhat shorter version of this bibliography can be downloaded here.
With its uncomplicated appeal and lack of a big powerful group of opponents, class-size reduction has lately developed from a subject of primarily academic interest to a key political issue.
Importance of a Small Class Size Essay Reducing Class Size.Download