Among them are an upward curvature of the base along the ends and repeated in the entablature; an imperceptible, delicate convexity entasis of the columns as they diminish in diameter toward the top; and a thickening of the four corner columns to counteract the thinning effect of being seen at certain angles against the sky.
Nonetheless, he claimed that the prime cause for the damage inflicted upon the marbles was the year-long weathering on the Acropolis. Thus, according to Rudenstine, "Hunt put himself in a position in which he could simultaneously vouch for the authenticity of the document and explain why he alone had a copy of it fifteen years after he surrendered the original to Ottoman officials in Athens".
It was built in the Doric style, however instead of the usual six columns across the ends there where 8 and instead of the usual 13 along the sides there where Although the rectangular white marble Parthenon has suffered damage over the centuries, including the loss of most of its sculpture, its basic structure has remained intact.
Before his departure to take up the post he had approached officials of the British government to inquire if they would be interested in employing artists to take casts and drawings of the sculptured portions of the Parthenon.
I then applied alkalies, both carbonated and caustic; these quickened the loosening of the surface dirt This restoration has included replacing the thousands of rusting iron clamps and supports that had previously been used, with non-corrosive titanium rods;  removing surviving artwork from the building into storage and subsequently into a new museum built specifically for the display of the Parthenon art; and replacing the artwork with high-quality replicas.
The Ottoman sultan was grateful to the British for repelling Napoleonic expansion, and the Parthenon marbles had no sentimental value to him. Clair, Lord Elgin and the Marbles, stated the sultan did not allow the removal of statues and reliefs from the Parthenon. His remarks regarding the Marbles reignited the debate in the United Kingdom about their return to their home country.
Notable supporters of Elgin included the painter Benjamin Robert Haydon. Parthenon Frieze and Metopes of the Parthenon The Parthenon Marbles acquired by Elgin include some 21 figures from the statuary from the east and west pediments15 of an original 92 metope panels depicting battles between the Lapiths and the Centaursas well as 75 meters of the Parthenon Frieze which decorated the horizontal course set above the interior architrave of the temple.
Legality of the removal from Athens[ edit ] The Acropolis was at that time an Ottoman military fort, so Elgin required special permission to enter the site, the Parthenon, and the surrounding buildings. On two earlier occasions, Elgin stated that the Ottomans gave him written permissions more than once, but that he had "retained none of them.
The application of water, applied by a sponge or soft cloth, removed the coarsest dirt. Byron was not the only one to protest against the removal at the time: It was built to hold the Parthenon sculpture in natural sunlight that characterises the Athenian climate, arranged in the same way as they would have been on the Parthenon.
I finally used dilute nitric acid, and even this failed. The outcome is described in the following excerpt from the letter he sent to Henry Milman, a commissioner for the National Gallery.
However, Elgin presented a document claimed to be an English translation of an Italian copy made at the time. Noted public intellectual Christopher Hitchens had, at numerous times, argued for their repatriation.
The committee was told that the original document was given to Ottoman officials in Athens in The Guardian has written that many among those who support repatriation imply that the marbles would be displayed in their original position on the Parthenon. ParthenonThe Parthenon, on the Acropolis, Athens.
The continuous, low-relief frieze around the top of the cella wall, representing the annual Panathenaic procession of citizens honouring Athena, culminated on the east end with a priest and priestess of Athena flanked by two groups of seated gods.
These mistakes have caused discolouration. Other sculptures from the Parthenon are now in the Louvre Museum in Paris, in Copenhagenand elsewhere, but many are still in Athens.
During the first siege the besieged Ottoman forces attempted to melt the lead in the columns to cast bullets, even prompting the Greeks to offer their own bullets to the Ottomans in order to minimize damage. In particular, an explosion ignited by Venetian gun and cannon-fire bombardment inwhilst the Parthenon was used as a munitions store during the Ottoman ruledestroyed or damaged many pieces of Parthenon art, including some of that later taken by Lord Elgin.
The east and west ends of the interior of the building are each faced by a portico of six columns. He stated that he had obtained a firman from the Sultan which allowed his artists to access the site, but he was unable to produce the original documentation.Parthenon: Parthenon, temple that dominates the Acropolis at Athens.
ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. Start Your Free Trial and on the west, probably Greeks and Amazons. Those on the north are almost all lost. The continuous, low-relief frieze around the top of the cella wall, Elgin Marbles.
Below is an essay on "How The Parthenon Lost Its Marbles" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Sable Matula RHET Mar. 4 The Parthenon Lost Its Marbles. Read this History Other Essay and over 88, other research documents. The Parthenon. THE PARTHENON The Parthenon in Athens is the most important and characteristic monument of ancient Greek civilization, it is a /5(1).
Should the Parthenon Marbles Be Returned to Greece? Essay. Words Nov 25th, 3 Pages. Show More. Much debate has been seen on returning antiquities to the country of origin. It seems as though most outsiders side with the country of origin, but are they correct in their opinion?
The Parthenon Essay. The Parthenon is an amazing. This was the first time the British Museum had lent part of its Elgin Marbles collection and it caused considerable controversy.
 Labour party leader stance and new dimensions to the dispute caused by Brexit [ edit ]Artist: Phidias. Parthenon Marbles. Topics: Parthenon, Ideas of the Parthenon Essay considered the crown jewel of Greek architecture, the Parthenon, is one such of these examples. It brings into form the three principal ideas of humanism, rationalism, and idealism of the 5th century Greek people through not only its structure, but its ornamentation and.Download