And while Protestant art collectors continued to commission religious paintings privately from artists, notably Rembrandtoverall there was a huge reduction in the amount of religious Reformation art produced in Protestant countries.
There was also a violent propaganda war fought partly with popular prints by both sides; these were often highly scurrilous caricatures of the other side and their doctrines.
The council came together periodically between and Paradoxically, the removal of "Catholic" architecture and its replacement with less imposing Protestant designs, may have been a factor in the spread of pagan Neoclassical architecture two centuries later.
The traditions of landscapes and genre paintings that would fully flower in the 17th century began during this period. The Four Winds provided the public with almost a thousand etchings and engravings over two decades. Peter Bruegel — of Flanders is the great genre painter of his time, who worked for both Catholic and Protestant patrons.
Prosecuted for blasphemyshe paid a small fine without complaint, but flatly refused to pay the additional sum the court ordered be paid to the convent to replace the statue, Reformation art her at risk of serious penalties. The form and content of Protestant art - in particular, painting - reflected the plainer, more unvarnished and more personal Christianity of the Reformation movement.
But although overt religious art was banned or frowned upon by the Reformation - witness the iconclastic "beeldenstorm" of - a demand grew up for small-scale works containing a Christian message, or moral lesson.
Lutheran Churches in Early Modern Europe. Rubens was one of a number of Flemish Baroque painters who received many commissions, and produced several of his best known works re-filling the empty churches. See also the architectural paintings of Emanuel de Witte and Pieter Jansz Saenredamfamous for their whitewashed church interiors.
How Did It Affect Art? In fact, in the 16th century some of the strongest opposition to destruction of images came not from Catholics but from Lutherans against Calvinists: Medieval Art and Architecture after the Middle Ages.
This allowed for the widespread availability of visually persuasive imagery.
As a result, in much of northern Europe, the Church virtually ceased to commission figurative art, placing the dictation of content entirely in the hands of the artists and lay consumers. The best known example is the new Spanish Netherlands essentially modern Belgiumwhich had been the centre of Protestantism in the Netherlands but became initially exclusively Catholic after the Spanish drove the Protestants to the north, where they established the United Provinces.
Reformation art This brought about a style that was more directly related to accurately portraying the present times. Church pressure to restrain religious imagery affected art from the s and resulted in the decrees of the final session of the Council of Trent in including short and rather inexplicit passages concerning religious images, which were to have great impact on the development of Catholic art.
In fact, Lutherans often justified their continued use of medieval crucifixes with the same arguments employed since the Middle Ages, as is evident from the example of the altar of the Holy Cross in the Cistercian church of Doberan.
Wooden organ cases were also often painted with similar scenes to those in Catholic churches. New churches were designed more as auditoriums focused more on the pulpit and less on the altar.
This emphasis was reflected in the number of common people and ordinary everyday scenes that were portrayed in Protestant art. Despite the differences in approaches to religious art, stylistic developments passed about as quickly across religious divisions as within the two "blocs".
Later Protestant taste turned from the display in churches of religious scenes, although some continued to be displayed in homes. Ornamentation was generally kept to a minimum, although some architects - such as Christopher Wren - were more High Church than others.
As it developed in north-eastern Germany, Lutheran worship became a complex ritual choreography set in a richly furnished church interior.
Reformed leaders, especially Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvinactively eliminated imagery from churches within the control of their followers, and regarded the great majority of religious images as idolatrous.
Protestant art duly reflected this teaching.“The movement Luther initiated spread and grew in popularity—especially in Northern Europe, though reaction to the protests against the church varied from country to country.”.
The main characteristics of Reformation art sprang from Protestant theology which focused on the individual relationship between the worshipper and God. This emphasis was reflected in the number of common people and ordinary everyday scenes that were portrayed in Protestant art.
Also Protestantism. The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
Shop for reformation art from the world's greatest living artists.
All reformation artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a day money-back guarantee. Choose your favorite reformation designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Reformation 50 Reformation artworks By John Potter April 17, As we commemorate the th anniversary of the Reformation, Living Lutheran is exploring of its unique aspects, continuing our series this month with 50 Reformation works of art.
Reformation Art reproduces fine art photographic prints of the key figures and events of the Protestant Reformation, and the Presbyterian and Reformed tradition.Download